Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and his Georgian counterpart Saakashvili endorsed the six points in talks with French President and current EU leader Nicolas Sarkozy on 12 August. The agreement is not a peace settlement, but is the basis of a legally binding text to end the struggles and pave the way for a political solution. Point one. The international discussions, defined in point 6 of the Medvedev-Sarkozy plan of 12 August 2008, will begin on 15 October 2008 in Geneva. Preliminary discussions will begin in September of this year. As is generally accepted, on August 8, 2008, cameras from around the world began in Beijing, China, Georgia, a geopolitically important region between the West and the East, with a different type of competition. It was not a competition between equal competitors, and if it were not for the rapid reaction of the international community, it could have been fatal for one of them. Today, we can definitely say that the international community knew something that was to happen in Georgia at the time. In its report of 22 August 2008, the main brussels-based international think tank, the International Crisis Group, stated that “the security situation in South Ossetia deteriorated sharply before the events of 7-8 August”.  However, the whole world witnessed these tragic events which, according to the then President of the International Crisis Group, Mr. Gareth Evans, “… can be recognized as a turning point in international affairs more than September 11, 2001.  Source: The European Union`s monitoring mission in Georgia – www.eumm.eu/ MANDATE of the EUMM applies throughout Georgia. In violation of the 2008 ceasefire agreement, Russia and the self-proclaimed authorities in Abkhazia and South Ossetia have so far denied EUMM access to separatist-controlled areas.
THE EUMM works within the framework of the common security and defence policy.  For more information on the head of mission of EUMM Georgia, see www.eumm.eu/en/about_eumm/hom Russia has undertaken to make waves for the crossing of the occupied territories of Georgia. In April 2009, the Russian government and the de facto authorities in Sukhumi and Tskhinvali signed agreements that give Russian border units responsibility for ABLs. In a series of fronts that began in the spring of 2013, Russian soldiers and ethnic Ossetian militias installed barbed wire fences to delineate South Ossetia. This moved the ABL deeper into Georgian territory and confiscated territories that until now had been under Tbilisi control. The process increased in intensity, starting in the summer of 2015, when Russian soldiers and Ossetian militias set up bollards in the village of Tsitelubani (near Tskhinvali). This incident resulted in the arrival of part of the BP-operated Baku-Supsa pipeline into the Russian crew area (see the two maps in Figure 1). On 15 September 2008, the Council of the European Union adopted the Council`s joint action 2008/736/PESC on the European Union`s monitoring mission in Georgia, EUMM Georgia . operational phase [of EUMM Georgia] begins no later than 1 October 2008.” For example, on 1 October 2008, EU observers began patrolling Georgian territory, but the Russian and de facto authorities in South Ossetia and Abkhazia continue to deny adequate access to international observers.  The European Security and Defence Assembly states that “Russia supports the view of the de facto authorities of South Ossetia and Abchhase that EUMM observers should be denied access to the two separatist zones until the EU recognises their independence.”  The Assembly noted that “the EU, for its part, asserts that the mandate of the mission covers the entire territory of Georgia, a legal point of view that preserves Georgia`s status.